Here’s How To Know EXACTLY What Your Baby Can See

I hear it from patient’s all the time, “Dr. Wruble, how do I know EXACTLY what my baby can see?” Honestly, I typically tell them the best way to determine this is to check on their visual development by getting their first eye exam at 6 months old.

The InfantSee program is a wonderful program for 6 - 12 month old babies!

Note: we recommend the InfantSEE program, a free, comprehensive infant eye exam for 6 to 12-month-old babies.

With this in mind, the normal development of a baby’s vision is as follows:

This is what the 20/400 Big E looks like


At birth, a baby’s vision is about 20/400, which is the size of the “big E” at your doctor’s office. Most babies vision starts out farsighted and their vision clears up as they grow and get bigger!

They can also see objects, movement, and light about 8 -15 inches away. Your face is one of the most interesting things at birth so remember to smile and use a lot of facial expressions when holding your baby.  

Related: “Hyperopia (Farsightedness): How Does It Impact Your Vision?”

2 to 5 months old

At 2 months old, babies will start to see color. Around 5 months old develop depth perception, as the eyes begin working better together.

Colorful objects for baby to see

It is important that your baby is stimulated by colorful objects and movement to develop tracking such as following a toy from side to side.

6 to 8 months old

At around 6 to 8 months your baby will start to notice small objects like food on the table and try to reach for it. Reading picture books to your child can be great at this stage.

Colorful picture books for baby to see

9 to 12 months old

Between 9 to 12 months old visual processing is beginning to take place so help out by playing hide and seek with toys or your face.

Picaboo is a great game for baby's stimulation

1 to 2 years old

From 1 to 2 years old small muscles around the eye are developing along with fine motor skills. Therefore, give your child different size objects to play with along with some building blocks to aid in development.

This is what 20/20 adult vision looks like

3 to 5 years old

Lastly, by 3 to 5 years old, your baby’s vision can reach the adult level of 20/20.

If you’re curious about your baby’s vision and how their eyes are developing, make sure to schedule an appointment with a local eye care professional today!

To schedule a no-cost, comprehensive infant eye exam for your 6 to 12-month-old, visit

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Rachael Wruble, O.D., F.A.A.O.
Dr. Wruble sees the eye as a piece of the puzzle – interconnected to the rest of the body. So a problem with the eye can be a result of a problem with the body. She wanted to be a part of a practice where exams are not just about the eye, but a part of the comprehensive care of the entire patient. Establishing a personal relationship with her patients is also important to her. Her optometric areas of interest have focused on ocular disease, specialty contact lenses, and low vision. Her advanced training in these areas includes: Specialty Contact Lens Seminar – The Vision Care Institute, LLC Optometric Glaucoma Society Residents Symposium – Optometric Glaucoma Society Fluorescein Angiography Course – NC State Optometric Society Paragon CRT for Corneal Refractive Therapy Certification Areas of Expertise Advanced residency training at Salisbury VA Medical Center focused on: Ocular Disease – Glaucoma, Macular degeneration, Diabetes Specialty Contact Lenses – Keratoconus, Trauma, Advanced prescriptions Advanced Low Vision Exams Education Ferris State University, Michigan College of Optometry W. G. (Bill) Hefner Veterans Affairs Medical Center (Residency) Languages Spoken English Professional Memberships American Optometric Association American Academy of Optometry Piedmont Optometric Society Women of Vision Gastonia East Rotarian Awards and Publications 2012 America's Top Optometrist 2012 Most Influential Women Rising Star Optometrist Michigan College of Optometry and National Dean’s List Michigan College of Optometry: Senior Research Award in Clinical Optometric Science ASCO Student Award in Clinical Ethics Junior Jaycee Member of Gaston County 2012 Leadership Gaston Alum and Current Board Advisor Gaston Family Health Services Volunteer Optometrist

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