Macular Degeneration: What Is It and Are You At Risk?

EyePromise: Protect Your Eyes!
You use your central vision for just about everything you do! Could you imagine if it was gone? Unfortunately, people over the age of 60 have an increased risk of an eye disease that damages your central vision known as macular degeneration.

Macular degeneration (also known as age related macular degeneration, AMD or ARMD) is an eye disease where there is damage to your macula, the area in your eye responsible for capturing your central vision.

This is vision with macular degeneration

A few of the main risk factors for developing macular degeneration include:

  • Advancing age.
  • Smoking.
  • Long-term sun exposure.
  • A diet low in vitamins.
  • Having a family member with the disease.
  • Being White.

risk factors for macular degeneration

There are two main forms of this disease, the wet form (exudative) and the dry form (nonexudative).

The dry form is more common, often leads to gradual vision loss and needs to be monitored carefully over time as it can develop into the wet form. On the other hand, the wet form is associated with bleeding or leakage from abnormal blood vessels inside your eye and can lead to rapidly occurring, severe vision loss. If you have the wet form, you would see a retinal surgeon for proper management.

This is what macular degeneration looks like

If you are at risk of having macular degeneration, make sure to schedule an appointment with your local eye care professional today!

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Omar Punjabi, M.D.
Omar Punjabi, MD is a retina specialist and vitreo-retinal surgeon at Charlotte Eye Ear Nose and Throat Associates (CEENTA) in Charlotte, North Carolina. He completed his fellowship training in retinal diseases and vitreo-retinal surgery at the prestigious Cole Eye Institute, Cleveland Clinic. Dr. Punjabi has published over 25 peer-reviewed articles and presented numerous scientific abstracts and text-book chapters. During fellowship he received the Best Fellow Teacher of the Year award, and was the recipient of the Heed Fellowship from the Heed Ophthalmic Foundation. He has won several academic awards and scholarships during his residency training at Northwestern University and during medical school. Prior to his residency training, he spent a year as a research fellow at the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute in Miami, FL and worked on the development of the spectral domain OCT. He has received several research awards including the Beem-Fisher Award in 2010, the Research Award from Northwestern University in 2010 and the National Eye Institute travel grant in 2006. Dr. Punjabi is an active member of the American Academy of Ophthalmology, the American Society of Retina Specialists, the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology and the Society of Heed Fellows. His areas of interest include medical and surgical diseases of the retina and vitreous, including retinal detachment, age-related macular degeneration, retinal vascular diseases, diabetic retinopathy and ocular trauma.

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2 Comments on "Macular Degeneration: What Is It and Are You At Risk?"

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Jean Allen
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My husband has wet AMD and his last treatment was in Dec 2016 by Dr. Shree Kurup at WFB. Dr. Kurup moved to Arizona and the retina specialist that he now sees at WFB has done nothing to help him. He said the shots will not help him and my husband’s eyesight is getting increasingly worse. I see that your facility is recruiting for a clinical trial and wonder if it would be beneficial for my husband. Also what the costs would be. Would like to know if anyone is doing stem cell research as a possible cure for the… Read more »
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