Dry Eye Disease: What Is It and Why Does It Occur?

EyePromise: Eyes Feel Dry?

Do your eyes ever burn, sting, or frequently tear up? How about occasionally feel sandy or gritty, like they have something in them? If so, you may be suffering from dry eye disease (also known as dry eye syndrome).

What is dry eye disease? 

Dry eye disease is a very common condition that occurs when you don’t have enough tears covering the front surface of your eye. It impacts people of all ages and can be exasperated by many external factors, including contact lenses.

dry eyes up close

Why does it occur?

Either you’re not producing enough tears, you have a poor tear quality or the tears you are producing are evaporating off your eye (learn more here).

Like back pain, it typically comes and goes, occurs at varying levels of severity and can be extremely frustrating to deal with.

dry eye and digital screens

Unfortunately, if you have this disease, digital screens, like your phone or computer, typically intensify your symptoms and your vision often isn’t as clear as it could be (even with glasses or contact lenses).

Related: “The Truth About Artificial Tears and Dry Eye Disease”

Curious if you have dry eye? What are you waiting for? Make sure to schedule an appointment with your local eye care professional today!

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Rachael Wruble, O.D., F.A.A.O.
Dr. Wruble sees the eye as a piece of the puzzle – interconnected to the rest of the body. So a problem with the eye can be a result of a problem with the body. She wanted to be a part of a practice where exams are not just about the eye, but a part of the comprehensive care of the entire patient. Establishing a personal relationship with her patients is also important to her. Her optometric areas of interest have focused on ocular disease, specialty contact lenses, and low vision. Her advanced training in these areas includes: Specialty Contact Lens Seminar – The Vision Care Institute, LLC Optometric Glaucoma Society Residents Symposium – Optometric Glaucoma Society Fluorescein Angiography Course – NC State Optometric Society Paragon CRT for Corneal Refractive Therapy Certification Areas of Expertise Advanced residency training at Salisbury VA Medical Center focused on: Ocular Disease – Glaucoma, Macular degeneration, Diabetes Specialty Contact Lenses – Keratoconus, Trauma, Advanced prescriptions Advanced Low Vision Exams Education Ferris State University, Michigan College of Optometry W. G. (Bill) Hefner Veterans Affairs Medical Center (Residency) Languages Spoken English Professional Memberships American Optometric Association American Academy of Optometry Piedmont Optometric Society Women of Vision Gastonia East Rotarian Awards and Publications 2012 America's Top Optometrist 2012 Most Influential Women Rising Star Optometrist Michigan College of Optometry and National Dean’s List Michigan College of Optometry: Senior Research Award in Clinical Optometric Science ASCO Student Award in Clinical Ethics Junior Jaycee Member of Gaston County 2012 Leadership Gaston Alum and Current Board Advisor Gaston Family Health Services Volunteer Optometrist

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2 Comments on "Dry Eye Disease: What Is It and Why Does It Occur?"

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Darshi Shah

Tell us what we can do if we know we have it!! Love your site and approach to a more integrated wellness. I know my eyesight / eye conditions seem to be triggered by my overall wellness – but this is the first time i’ve actually read that in print – LOVE THAT!!!!

Rachael Wruble, O.D., F.A.A.O.

Thank  you so much for reaching out and watching the video! Absolutely overall wellness plays a role with the eyes. There’s different types of dryness so I would recommend seeing your optometrist to see what type of dryness you have and from there they can set up a plan to help with treatment and long-term maintenance.